Fisheries in Mauritania
The mauritanian sea beds are swept by the cold stream from Canaria Islands coming from North and the marine stream of Guinea, coming from South, which insures productive fishery formation, thanks to the Upweeling phenomenon, (ascent to the surface of massive marine deep water wealthy of raw material). This makes the mauritanian coast one of the most abounding in fish in the world.
Mauritania fishery is synonym of maritime fishery, aquaculture doesn’t exist, except in short range experiment.
Fisheries are divided in two fields:
This takes the lion’s share, with an average of around of 400 000 tons of capture a year. In this industrial fishery, we can distinguish depths fishery (cephalopods, shellfish, ocean depths fish) and industrial pelagic fishery (round sardinella, sardine, mackerel, horse mackerel, cutlass fish, anchovy et tuna).
Traditional and Coastal Fishery
This is mainly dedicated to mauritanian fishermen. The amount of one year capture is about 100 000 tons.
ZEEM halieutic resources
|octopus||35 000||20 000|
|common cuttlefish||10 000||6 000|
|squid||10 000||6 000|
|abroard species||30 000||15 000|
|coastal species||inconnu||10 000|
|Hake||13 000||11 000|
|Grey mullet||n.c.||10 000|
|depth prawn||12 500||9 000|
|coastal prawn||10 000||6 000|
|crab||5 000||3 000|
|pink crayfish||10 000||7 000|
|green crayfish||20 000||12 000|
|horse mackerel||600 000||200 000|
|yellowfin tuna (albacore)||atlantic stock||20 000|
|atlantic bonito||atlantic stock||200 000|
|sardinella||750 000||400 000|
|big tuna (patudo)||atlantic stock||20 000|