Fisheries in Mauritania

The mauritanian sea beds are swept by the cold stream from Canaria Islands coming from North and the marine stream of  Guinea, coming from South, which insures productive fishery formation, thanks to the Upweeling phenomenon, (ascent to the surface of massive marine deep water wealthy of raw material). This makes the mauritanian coast one of the most abounding in fish in the world.

Mauritania fishery is synonym of maritime fishery, aquaculture doesn’t exist, except in short range experiment.

Fisheries are divided in two fields:

  • Industrial Fishery
    This takes the lion’s share, with an average of around of 400 000 tons of capture a year. In this industrial fishery, we can distinguish depths fishery (cephalopods, shellfish, ocean depths fish) and industrial pelagic fishery (round sardinella, sardine, mackerel, horse mackerel, cutlass fish, anchovy et tuna).
  • Traditional and Coastal Fishery
    This is mainly dedicated to mauritanian fishermen. The amount of one year capture is about 100 000 tons.

ZEEM halieutic resources

Fish Potential capture
(ton)
Current capture
(ton)
Cephalopods    
    octopus 35 000 20 000
    common cuttlefish 10 000 6 000
    squid 10 000 6 000
Depths fish    
    abroard species 30 000 15 000
    coastal species inconnu 10 000
Hake 13 000 11 000
Grey mullet n.c. 10 000
Shelfish    
    depth prawn 12 500 9 000
    coastal prawn 10 000 6 000
    crab 5 000 3 000
    pink crayfish 10 000 7 000
    green crayfish 20 000 12 000
Pelagic fish    
    horse mackerel 600 000 200 000
    yellowfin tuna (albacore) atlantic stock 20 000
    atlantic bonito atlantic stock 200 000
    sardinella 750 000 400 000
    big tuna (patudo) atlantic stock 20 000